Ada beberapa standar yang dikeluarkan lembaga nasional dan internasional untuk produk VCO.

AppcSalah satu standar internasional yang dikeluarkan oleh APCC ( Asia Pasific Coconut Community ) adalah sebagai berikut :

APCC STANDARDS FOR VIRGIN COCONUT OIL

1. Scope
This Standard applies for Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO).

1. References
– SNI (Indonesia National Standard) 7381:2008
– PNS (Philippine National Standard)/BAFPS 22:2007: ICS 67.200.10
– MS (Malaysian Standard) 2043:2007
– TCS (Thailand Coconut Community Standard) 670-2004
– APCC Standard for Virgin Coconut Oil

2. Definition
3.1. Virgin Coconut Oil
Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is obtained from fresh and mature kernel (12 months old
from pollination) of the coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) by mechanical or natural means
with or without the application of heat, which does not lead to alteration of the nature of
the oil. VCO has not undergone chemical refining, bleaching or deodorizing. It can be
consumed in its natural state without the need for further processing. Virgin coconut oil
consists mainly of medium chain tryglycerides, which are resistant to peroxidation. The
fatty acids in virgin coconut oil are distinct from animal fats which contain mainly of
long chain saturated fatty acids. Virgin coconut oil is colorless, free of sediment with
natural fresh coconut scent. It is free from rancid odor or taste.

4. Essential Composition and Quality Factors of Virgin Coconut Oil
standar VCO APCC

5. Food Additives
None permitted

6. Contaminants :
Parameter / Mg/kg
Iron (Fe) : Max 5
Copper (Cu) : Max 0.4
Lead (Pb) : Max 0.1
Arsenic (As) : Max 0.1

7. Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC) ranges of Fatty Acid Component

Common name (%)
Caproic acid C 6:0 -> 0.10 – 0.95 %
Caprylic acid C 8:0 -> 4 – 10 %
Capric acid C 10:0 -> 4 – 8 %
Lauric acid C 12:0 -> 45 – 56 %
Myristic acid C 14:0 -> 16 – 21 %
Palmitic acid C 16:0 -> 7.5 – 10.2 %
Stearic acid C 18:0 -> 2 – 4 %
Oleic acid C 18:1 -> 4.5 – 10 %
Linoleic acid C 18:2 -> 0.7 – 2.5 %

8. Hygiene
It is recommended that the product covered by the provisions of this standard shall be in
accordance with the appropriate sections of the General Principles of Food Hygiene
recommended by the CODEX Alimentarius Commission (CAC/RCP 1-1969, Rev. 4-
2003).

9. Labelling and Packaging
The name of the food on the label shall be “Virgin Coconut Oil”. The provisions of the
General Standard for the labelling of Pre-packaged Foods (CODEX STAN 1 – 1985,
Rev. 6 – 2008) shall apply.

10. Methods of Analysis and Sampling
Based on Codex Alimentarius (Volume 13).

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